An incarcerated inguinal hernia as seen on cross-sectional CT scan
Hiatus hernias are caused by a weakness in the diaphragm, allowing part of the stomach to push through into the chest cavity. The symptoms of a hiatus hernia can be similar to those of other disorders so can be more difficult to identify than inguinal hernias and indeed there may be no symptoms at all.
The most commonly reported symptom for this type of hernia is acid reflux. Medical professionals are not sure what causes this type of hernia and it has been suggested that aging of the diaphragm could be a factor, along with smoking and being overweight. Again, this hernia in some cases may be treated by surgery, although your doctor will decide which type is best for your condition. Please ensure you consult a healthcare professional before making decisions about your health.